RUSSIAN TOY TERRIER
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID
UTILISATION: Companion Dog.
CLASSIFICATION FCI: Group 3. Terriers. Section 4.
Toy terriers. Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL REVIEW: At the beginning of the 20th century, the
English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular
decorative dogs in Russia. However, in the
period, 1920 - 1950 shipping of toy terriers
was almost stopped and the number of dogs
fell to critical level. Only in the mid-fifties
did, Russian dog-breeders began the rebirth
of the breed. Practically all dogs, which
were used in breeding, had no pedigrees;
many of them were not of pure blood. Standard
established for Toy Terrier significantly
differed from the English Toy Terrier`s standard
in many aspects. From this moment, the evolution
of the breed in Russia went its own way.
On the 12 of October in 1958 two smooth-haired
dogs, one of which had a slightly longer
hair, gave life to a male dog with a spectacular
fringe on ears and limbs. It was decided
to keep this feature on. The male was mated
with a female dog which also had a slightly
long hair. So the longhaired variant of the
toy terrier appeared. It was called Moscow
Longhaired Toy Terrier. A dog breeder from
Moscow Yevgueniya Fominichna Zharova played
an important role in creation of this breed
The long isolated evolution and specific
selection process have resulted in the creation
of a new breed ? the Russian Toy Terrier
of two types: longhaired and smooth-haired.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: A small-size elegant dog, lively, long-legged,
with delicate bone and lean muscles; males
and females do not differ much morphologically,
however, their behaviour differs significantly.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS: The ratio from length to height shall make
his build appear as square as possible; the
height at elbows is slightly longer than
a half of the height at withers; the chest
is deep enough; the size of the head in relation
to the size of the body is small.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Lively, very cheerful, not cowardly or aggressive.
HEAD: Not large.
Skull: Quite high but not too wide (width at the
level of cheek-bones does not exceed the
Stop: Clearly defined.
Nose: Small, black or matches with the dog’s
Muzzle: Lean and pointed, slightly shorter than
Lips: Thin, lean, tight and dark or matching with
Jaws/Teeth: Small, white. Scissor bite. Six incisors
on upper and lower jaws are desirable.
Eyes: Quite big, rounded, a bit prominent, set
well apart and straight, dark. Eyelids are
dark or matching with the colour, tight-fitting.
Ears: Big, thin, set high, upstanding.
NECK: Long, lean, set high, slightly curved.
Topline: Gradually descends from the withers to the
Withers: Slightly pronounced.
Back: Strong and straight.
Loin: Short and slightly arched.
Croup: The croup is somewhat roundish and slightly
Chest: The chest is quite deep, not too wide, oval-shaped.
Underline and belly: Tucked up belly and drawn-up flanks, forming
a nicely curved line from the chest to the
TAIL: Shortly docked (two or three vertebras are
only left), gaily curried high. In countries
where tail docking is prohibited by law,
it can be left in its natural state. It should
be carried a little higher than level of
back, desirable of sickle curve.
FOREQUARTERS: Thin and lean; seen from the front, the
front legs are straight and parallel.
Shoulders: The shoulder blades are long and not very
Upper arm: Forming an angle of 105 degrees to the
shoulder blade. The length of upper arm is
practically the same as the length of shoulder.
Elbows: Turning neither in nor out.
Forearm: Long, straight.
Carpal joint: Dry.
Pastern: Almost vertical.
Forefeet: Small, oval, well-knit, arched, turning
neither in nor out. Claws and resilient pads
are black or match with the color.
HINDQUARTERS: Seen from the rear, the hind legs are
straight and parallel, but standing a bit
wider than the forelegs. Stifles and hocks
are moderately bent.
Upper thigh: Muscles are dry and moderate developed.
Lower thigh: The upper thighs and lower thighs are of
the same length.
Hock: With moderate angles.
Metatarsus: Vertical to the ground.
Hind feet: Well-knit, arched, slightly narrower than
forefeet. Claws and resilient pads are black
or match with the color.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Easy, straightforward, fast. The dog’s
silhouette is almost the same in movement
as when it is static.
SKIN: Thin, dry and tight-fitting.
HAIR: There exist two types of the breed: smooth-haired
Smooth-haired: short, taut, shiny hair, without undercoat
or bald patches.
Longhaired: body is covered with moderately
long (3-5 cm), flat or a bit wavy taut hair,
which does not hide natural body contours.
Hair on the head, on the front part of legs
is short and taut. Distinct feathers on rear
side of legs. All feet have long silky hair
completely hiding toes. Ears are covered
with thick and long hair forming a fringe.
Adult dogs of more than three years have
such a fringe, which completely hides the
exterior edges and tips of the ears. Body
hair should not look shaggy or too short
(less than 2 cm).
COLOUR: black and tan, brown and tan, blue and
tan, also red of any shade with black or
brown overlay, or without them. More rich shades are preferable for any color.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers: Dogs and bitches: 20 - 28 cm.
Weight: Dogs and bitches: to 3kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should
be considered a fault and the seriousness
with which the fault should be regarded should
be in exact proportion to its degree.
Level bite or alveolar slope of incisors.
Distemper teeth, missing of one or two incisors
in each jaw, and losing teeth due to age,
on condition that the dog continues to have
a scissors bite, that should be determined
Semi-drop ears. If long-haired dog has this
fault because hair makes its ears heavier,
it is allowed but not desirable.
Bald patches of short-haired dogs.
Too long or too short hair on body of long-haired
Small white spots on chest and toes.
Black, brown and blue color, too big or darkened
Height at withers is above 28 cm.
Chihuahueno type head.
Overshot; undershot; missing of more than
two incisors in each jaw or a fang.
Many bald patches of short-haired dogs.
Absence of decorative hair on ears and curly
hair in longhaired dogs.
White color; white spots on the head, abdomen
and above metacarpus; large white spots on
chest and throat, brindled marks.
Height over 30 cm.
NB: Male animals should have two apparently
normal testicles fully descended into the